The collection consists of Major Matthews' private papers and records gathered by Matthews relating to the history of Vancouver when he was City Archivist. It includes numerous military records; collected photographs, [186-?]-1968; correspondence and pamphlets relating to Vancouver's water supply; examples of letter-heads, business stationery, tickets, notices and so on used in Vancouver in the 1880s; records of the planning and building of the First Narrows Bridge, Vancouver; an obituary book of clippings from newspapers; correspondence and clippings relating to unemployment and relief in Vancouver, 1931-1939; clippings relating to mayors of Vancouver, 1932-1971; clippings, photographs and menus relating to the visit of H.R.H. Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh, 1951; clippings relating to distinguished visitors to Vancouver 1928-1953; a scrapbook of clippings relating to pioneer Vancouver aviator, William Stark, 1912; genealogical records relating to the family of J.S. Matthews; numerous topical and categorical files relating to a wide variety of subjects; and a series of index cards describing the history of street and place names in Greater Vancouver.