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Series S593 - Georgia Viaduct and Granville Street Bridge photographs

Cross-girder D 21 (south end). Post tensioning using multi strand jack Cross-girder D 22 (north end). Post tensioning using single strand "Titan" 20 jack Cross-girder D 22 (north end). Post tensioning using single strand "Titan" 20 jack Painting high mast pylon. Looking SW [southwest] Rockwork at SW [southwest] abutment. Looking SW [southwest] View showing strands configuration Concrete pour of stringer East of stringer showing debonded strands and post tensioning ducts Post tensioning stressing area Outside view of stringer forms. Plywood panels fixed to outside for insulation Chipping deck surface with MacDonald "scrabbler" at G 15 Remedial work to deck slab at G 15 looking N [north] Stringers stored at Pacific's yard Deck slab over Georgia ramp box beams looking SE [southeast] G 26. View from ground looking W [west] Deck slab over Georgia ramp box beams looking NW [northwest] G 26. View from ground looking N [north] West of line 3. Progress to date looking  W [west] Setting precast guard rail at G 11 looking W [west] Aligning precast  rail G 22- G 21 looking E [east] Pre-drilling for precast rail anchors G 19 - G18 looking W [west] Georgia ramp (west of line 3) looking W [west] Georgia and Dunsmuir ramps over Main St. looking NE [northeast] Georgia ramp (west of line 3) looking W [west] Deck stripping "buggy" looking NE [northeast] Precast rail anchors looking E [east] Dunsmuir abutment (tie-beam) looking S [south] Dunsmuir ramp box beam erection looking SE [southeast] Georgia ramp box beam erection looking SW [southwest] Main St. SE [southeast] and NE [northeast] abutments looking NE [northeast] Main St. SE [southeast] and NE [northeast] abutments looking NE [northeast] Timber false work G-3. Looking SW [southwest] Deck slab G 20 - G 19. Looking NE [northeast] Remedial work to Main St.  NW [northwest] abutment looking NW [northwest] Fill placing (Main St. - line 2) looking W [west] Main St. NW [northwest] abutment.  Looking NW [northwest] Main St. NE [northeast] abutment. Looking E [east] Dunsmuir abutment. North wall forming looking SE [southeast] Dunsmuir abutment. East wall forming looking W [west] Main St. SW [southwest] abutment. Looking S [south] Screeding [?] machine G 26 - G 27 looking NE [northeast] Deck slab G 26 - G 27 looking E [east] Stringer post tensioning G 23 looking W [west] Main St. NW [northwest] abutment. Looking NE [northeast] G 20 cross girder. Looking N [north] G 21 cross girder. Looking N [north] Stringer erection. Spans G 22 - G 21 looking NE [northeast] Main St. SW [southwest] abutment. Looking SW [southwest] Progress to date. Spans G 27 - G 23 looking E [east] Progress to date. Stringer erection. Spans G 27 - G 23 looking E [east]
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Georgia Viaduct and Granville Street Bridge photographs

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  • 1920-1971, predominant 1951-1954, 1969-1971 (Creation)
    Vancouver (B.C.). Engineering Services

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167 photographs : silver gelatin prints ; 37 x 50 cm or smaller

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Administrative history

Since its foundation, Engineering Services (or, as it was referred to until 1995, the Engineering Department) has been the largest department in the City administration, providing many of the City's mandated functions for developing and maintaining the City's infrastructure of roads and bridges, waterworks, sewers and sanitation.

The Vancouver Incorporation Act required the appointment of an engineer, and the City did so under Bylaw #1 (1886). Despite technological changes, the department has remained remarkably consistent in functional responsibilities: over the years, the Engineering Department/Engineering Services has been responsible for the construction and maintenance of streets, lanes, sewers, water works, and bridges, as well as for traffic management, sanitation, garbage collection, and parking. With the rapid growth of the city, the Department’s role changed from a supervisory role (overseeing and inspecting the work of contractors) to having full-scale operations divisions.

The City Engineer first reported to the Board of Works (1886-1956), then to the Board of Administration (1956-1974), and subsequently to the City Manager (1974-).

There were a few instances of major reorganization in the history of the Engineering Department. Following a departmental review by external consultants in 1954, the department underwent a major restructuring of its organizational framework. Formerly, divisions had been based on the type of operation each performed. The review called for three basic divisions. One major division was for administration and design and the other for operations. Each of these divisions would oversee the different functions as they related to design or operation. A third division for traffic management continued to exist in the same fashion as before the rearrangement. This structure remained in place for only a few years.
Another major reorganization occurred in 1966 when the Electrical Department was incorporated as a division within the Engineering Department (impetus for this change came from the formation of the Permits and Licenses Department which took over inspection activities while Engineering took over engineering and works aspects.)

The following individuals have served as City Engineer (from 1995, the City Engineer was also referred to as “General Manager” of the then renamed Engineering Services):
• John P. Lawson, 1886-1890;
• Henry B. Warren, 1890-1891;
• Thomas H. Tracy, 1891-1905;
• William A. Clement, 1905-1911;
• Frederick L. Fellowes, 1911-1924;
• Charles Brakenridge, 1924-1946;
• Charles A. Battershill, 1946-1949;
• John C. Oliver, 1949-1956;
• Randolph M. Martin, 1956-1971;
• Gordon H. Lawson, 1971-1974;
• William H. Curtis, 1974-1991;
• David Rudberg, 1991-[2004]
• Tom Timm, [2004]–2010
• Peter Judd 2010–2015

Functions, occupations and activities:

The broad range of functions of the Department has included:

  1. Streets and bridges design and maintenance, including snow/ice removal and sanding;
  2. Sewerage and drainage planning and maintenance,
  3. Water supply and distribution,
  4. Refuse collection and disposal,
  5. Transportation planning and traffic management, including accommodating for special events,
  6. Street lighting and utilities,
  7. Inspection responsibilities (until the creation of the Permits and Licenses Department),
  8. City planning responsibilities (under the direction of the Town Planning Commission) until the creation of the Planning Department in 1954,
  9. Street Decoration (in conjunction with the Street Decoration Committee) since 1954.

Custodial history

Scope and content

Series relates to documenting major City projects in progress and completed. Contained are the following photographs.
CVA 216-1 (88 photographs): 1 album documenting the Georgia Viaduct replacement carried out by Phillips, Barratt, Hiller, Jones and Partners (photographers Campbell Studio, 25 Apr. 1969 - 18 Oct. 1971) - in this album is a photograph of Vie's Chicken & Steak House at 209 Union Street (item number CVA 216-1.23);
CVA 216-2 (44 photographs): 1 scrapbook showing new Granville Street Bridge construction (photographer title page Commercial Illustrators, remaining 43 photographs Parry Films Ltd., ca. 1951-1954), includes specifications for the Granville Street Bridge;
CVA 216-3 to CVA 216-6: miscellaneous photographs dated ca. 1920-1924 (photographers unknown);
CVA 216-7 to CVA 216-35: photographs documenting demolition of "Old" Georgia Viaduct (photographer A. J. Ingram, employee of the Engineering Department).

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Physical condition

CVA 216-1, the post-bound album, was dismantled for conservation reasons

Immediate source of acquisition

Transferred from Engineering Department Nov. 1979.


Photographs in this series have been catalogued under the prefix CVA 216

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