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Vancouver (B.C.). Archives

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

Vancouver (B.C.). Archives

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

  • City of Vancouver Archives
  • Vancouver City Archives
  • Vancouver (B.C.). City Archives
  • City Archives

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence


On May 16, 1932 City Council approved the recommendation of the Special Committee re Archives that an archivist be appointed to serve under the jurisdiction of the Library Board, then on June 12, 1933 absolved the Library Board from responsibility and appointed a City Archivist, J. S. Matthews. Established in 1933, the Archives became a City department in 1957, then subsequently a division of the City Clerk's Department in 1971. Archives and records management functions have developed as outlined below.
(1) Access and reference. Description and access tools have been prepared from the beginning and reference services on matters relating to Vancouver history and the records held have been provided from the beginning. From the 1930s indexes to photographs and news clippings had been prepared. From 1971 finding aids were greatly increased to include inventories of public and private records, card indexes providing varieties of access points, map collection description, and library catalogues. The Archives began automating finding aids and further standardizing description in 1992. Reference service was initially provided by the City Archivist and assistants, and by the reorganization and expansion of the early 1970s, by the staff of several archivists.
(2) Acquisition. Since 1971 the Archives has been identifying and acquiring both City and private sector archival records relating to the history of Vancouver. Previous to 1971 the Office of the City Clerk was the primary records keeper of City records, and from 1933 the City Archives had collected private records perceived of historical value (that collection had been started by the Archivist in about 1920).
(3) Preservation. Storage and preservation activities have been carried out since about 1920. Conservation expertise increased from 1976 when a conservator was first hired.
(4) Records management. Records analysis and retention scheduling began in 1973 when the City's first Records Manager was hired. The position title was changed to Records Administrator in 1995 as part of the City's position title standardization activity. Electronic records management is administered by Information Technology; the process was monitored by an Electronic Records Committee, of which the Records Manager has been a member.
(5) Records storage. The Records unit has been operating a Records Centre which stores and retrieves the records of all offices until disposition by disposal or transfer to the Archives, according to the records schedules.
Previous to the appointment of the first City Archivist, J. S. Matthews, in June 1933, Matthews had collected private papers, conversations with pioneers, photographs, maps and news clippings from the early 1920s which all became the initial holdings of the City Archives. The Archives became the official custodian of the City of Vancouver government records in 1971; previous to that they were kept by originating offices or another unit requiring their use, taken by officials when they retired, or, if deemed Council related or of legal importance, were kept by the Office of the City Clerk.
Initially the City Archivist reported to the Library Board (May-June 1933), then to the Special Committee re Archives/Archives Committee (June 12, 1933 - 1971), and since 1971, to the City Clerk.
As of 1971 the Archives has been divided into two units: Archives and Records.
The Archives has been known by the following names: City Archives, 1933-1957; Archives Department, 1957-1971; and more recently, referred to as City of Vancouver Archives, 1971- , while formally known as the Archives and Records Division, 1971- .
The following individuals have served as City Archivist: J. S. Matthews, 1933-1970; Robert D. Watt, 1971-1972; R. Lynn Ogden, 1973-1975; Susan M. Baptie, 1975- .
For a more detailed administrative history, which includes reference to holdings ownership disputes of the 1930s and 1940s, please consult the City of Vancouver Archives fonds inventory in the Reading Room.


Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

Vancouver (B.C.). Archives Advisory Committee ()

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship


Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Vancouver (B.C.). Archives Advisory Committee, is subordinate to: Vancouver (B.C.). Archives

Related entity

Vancouver (B.C.). Office of the City Clerk ()

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship


Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Vancouver (B.C.). Archives, is subordinate to: Vancouver (B.C.). Office of the City Clerk

Control area

Authority record identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used


Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion




Maintenance notes